Your opinion:

In what situations, in your opinion, are the rights of the disabled violated most frequently?

Red tape or denial of benefits - 0%
Refusal to provide disability group - 0%
Refusal to hire - 0%
Infringement of the right to labor remuneration - 0%
Denial of admission to the educational institution - 0%
Red tape or denial of rehabilitation equipment - 0%
Red tape or denial of accommodation - 0%
Unavailability of social infrastructure facilities - 0%
Denial of admission to the public establishment - 0%
Attitudinal barriers, distancing of the people - 0%
Others - 0%

Total votes: 0
The voting for this poll has ended on: 12 Dec 2012 - 18:13

    Designing the Accessible Living Environment

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    Fig. 1. Example of redevelopment of the existing multi-storey buildings in accordance with the requirements of accessibility for the disabled and physically challenged people.

    The issue of accessibility of the housing units for physically challenged people has been urgent over the past 15 years.

    Within the framework of ensuring the accessible living environment, PROAMCO provides design solutions regarding:

    • the organization of accessible living environment for the disabled and physically challenged people;
    • adjustment of the residential building projects in order to meet the requirements of accessibility for the disabled and physically challenged people.

    To develop design solutions, we engage the leading Russian and foreign designers and architects.

    The project involves the reconstruction and re-equipment with partial redevelopment of common premises and residential apartments.

    Design solutions provide for:

    • space-planning parameters, construction and engineering solutions, including the facilities and equipment facilitating the movement in a wheelchair, and creating additional convenience for the elderly people and people using prams and household carriages, and other physically challenged people;
    • versatile nature of facilities and equipment for the disabled children and adults;
    • using the equipment and facilities for spatial orientation of the disabled:

    - for sight-impaired person – with audio devices and tactile sensitivity;

    - for hearing-impaired person – with light signaling and communication devices;

    • escape routes in accordance with the requirements of Fire Safety Technical Regulations;
    • opportunities for residing of the disabled persons in wheelchairs in any apartment, on any floor of the house;
    • compliance with the ergonomic parameters of the physically challenged population groups upon reconstruction and redevelopment of the apartments.

    In designing an accessible living environment for the disabled and physically challenged people, our partners – Russian leading design organizations – launched a number of research projects commissioned by Moscow City Architecture Committee and the Ministry of Regional Development of the Russian Federation.

    In particular, on request of the Ministry of Regional Development of the Russian Federation, the Sketch-Books of typical design solutions for redevelopment of housing facilities for the disabled people and the families with the disabled children have been worked out.

    The following issues were addressed upon development of design solutions:

    • residing of the disabled wheelchair users mainly on the ground floor of the houses without elevators, and on the floors above the ground floor in the houses with elevators if they move with an accompanying person;
    • adaptation of multi-family houses for physically challenged people without changing the existing load-bearing and protecting structures.

    The typical design solutions for the functional and planning areas were provided.

    There were presented the unified architectural and planning standards based on the classification feature of space-planning consistency of elevator units and apartments.

    The practical value of the model design solutions for the redevelopment of housing units and their adjustment for the disabled and the families with disabled children involves the possibility of their implementation by public authorities (ministries and agencies), local authorities responsible for the management and supervision of housing and public utilities, as well as homeowners.

    Maintenance organizations are provided with an opportunity of multivariate adjustment of design solutions to the actual local environmental conditions of housing maintenance subject to partial compliance of particular parameters with the requirements of the Set of Rules 59.13330.2012 “Accessibility of buildings and facilities for physically challenged people”.

    Our partners have foregrounded the provisions of the applicable technical regulations, national standards of the Russian Federation, codes, building codes and regulations of the Russian Federation, instructions and recommendations, and other regulations that establish the requirements for accessibility of the buildings and facilities for the disabled and physically challenged people. In the course of work, the state of the relevant legal framework was analyzed, and the new edition of 15 Sets of Rules of the complex 35 was elaborated with due regard to the current requirements in terms of the accessibility of facilities for physically challenged people, researches and the international design practices.

    In addition, our partners have developed:

      • collective housing projects for single pensioners with the efficient and cost effective space planning and design solutions and engineering equipment. This work summarizes the experience of designing the houses for single pensioners. Their architectural and planning solutions and construction solutions were developed with due regard to the modern standards, and the issues of design engineering equipment and thermotechnical calculations were addressed, and the technical and economic assessment of design solutions was provided;
      • universal construction systems using lightweight construction and solid concrete, which reduce the cost of construction and provide the variability of design solutions for the municipal houses intended for social needs. The authors have developed single-section multifamily residential buildings in various structural systems with the apartments for the persons on the waiting list and for resettlement of residents from the demolished houses. The ground floor provides for opportunity to equip the apartment units for the disabled and to construct built-in public areas. The main criterion for the development of architectural-planning and design solutions was the cost-effectiveness of the dwelling;
      • draft ground floor projects intended for the five-storey residential buildings being redeveloped with arrangement of social and public facilities and the apartments for wheelchair users in such houses. The project was implemented at request of Moscow City Architecture Committee. The current state of the issue of arrangement on the ground floors of social and public facilities, as well as the apartments for the disabled was analyzed. The necessity to re-equip the apartments located on the ground floor and transfer such apartments to the non-residential fund was substantiated;

    design solutions for the redevelopment of housing units intended for the disabled and the families with the disabled children. Research was carried out on the instructions of Ministry of Regional Development of the Russian Federation. As a result of the research, the model design solutions were developed for the purpose of redevelopment of existing housing units subject to the special needs of the disabled and with the disabled children. Model design solutions are represented by functional elements of the apartments (the planning standards), apartments and floor plan extracts. There was conducted the sampling and analysis of design solutions for the existing mass multifamily houses built in different years and in accordance with different structural systems in terms of the appropriateness of their reconstruction. The available ergonomic parameters for the disabled in terms of the functional planning apartment elements, adjacent areas, entrance, stairs and elevator systems were laid down. The design solutions for the multifamily houses were compared with the regulatory requirements in respect of the parameters of the apartments, stairs and elevator systems, entrances and adjacent areas, accessible to the disabled and the families with the disabled children